Emerging drugs for hyperphosphatemia

Guido Bellinghieri, Domenico Santoro, Vincenzo Savica
2007 Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs  
Cardiovascular mortality is the leading cause of death in the uremic patient. Hyperphosphatemia is considered an independent risk factor associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. As phosphate control is not efficient with diet or dialysis, phosphate binders are commonly prescribed in patients with chronic renal failure. Aluminum salts, the first phosphate binders, even if effective, have several side effects due to their deposition in CNS, bone and
more » ... c cells. Calcium-containing phosphate binders, used in the last 15 years, increase total body calcium load and may exacerbate metastatic calcification, thus, increasing the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Recently two new compounds non-aluminum and non-calcium phosphate binders, sevelamer hydrochloride and lanthanum carbonate, have been introduced. Sevelamer, besides the effect on phosphate, has been associated with reduction of coronary and aortic calcification and with other pleiotropic effects especially on lipid metabolism. Lanthanum carbonate has similar phosphate control to calcium-based binders with less incidence of hypercalcemia but long-term clinical studies are needed for testing long-term exposure. Recently the authors found in dialysis patients, that salivary phosphorus correlated with serum phosphorus. Therefore, they supposed that the use of salivary phosphate binders could reduce its absorption and represent a chance for reducing the serum phosphate concentration in uremic patients.
doi:10.1517/14728214.12.3.355 pmid:17874966 fatcat:ni3he3myhrbmvfxjx2dynflqs4