Synthesis of Micro- and Mesoporous SiO2 Based Ceramic Materials (Using Sol-gel Technology)

Margarita Karpe, Gundars Mezinskis
2014 Materials Science and Applied Chemistry  
The aim of research is to develop an area of microand mesoporous ceramic materials of ternary -TiO2-ZrO2-SiO2 system. Ceramic system TiO2-ZrO2-SiO2 has been synthesized via a sol-gel technology by hydrolysis of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and zirconia propoxide and titanium isporopoxide solutions. The sols have been polymerized at room temperature to obtain gels and dried at 100 °C for 72 hours. Xerogel has been milled for 1 or 6 hours and axially pressed for nanoporous ceramic samples.
more » ... ramic samples. Powders have been sintered at 800 °C or 1000 °C in air. 1 M hydrochloric acid and distilled water have been used as a catalyst to advance the hydrolysis and condensation reactions. All samples have been characterized by X-ray (XRD) diffraction, particle size distribution, crystallite size distribution, compressive strength. Porosity and specific surface area of nanoporous ceramic samples have been determined by Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms.
doi:10.7250/msac.2014.011 fatcat:3q7dp7bkvjfpxmznqeoambeklu