La surénonciation comme norme du genre : l'exemple de l'article de recherche et du dictionnaire en linguistique

Francis Grossmann, Fanny Rinck
2004 Langages: Revue internationale des sciences du langage  
Francis Grossmann, Fanny Rinck: Superenunciation as a norm of the genre: the example of linguistic research articles and dictionaries. This article studies the posture of "superenunciator" in two genres that are both related to "enunciative effacement": French research articles and dictionaries in human sciences. According to our hypothesis, such a posture is required by these two genres, although it varies with their enunciative specificities. We first discuss how to analyse the plurality of
more » ... the plurality of enunciators and their relationships at the level of the text; this leads us to envisage a "polyphonic coherence" between the various viewpoints raised in a text. Then, by introducing the question of authorship in order to associate the enunciative responsibility with a textual one, we attempt to examine the role of discourse legitimization played by superenunciation. The analysis highlights some differences between the two genres: in dictionaries, the posture of superenunciator is related to the structural possibilities of the genre, and to a uniform enunciative authority. In the articles, it is directly construed by the plurality of enunciators, so that the author himself appears as a heterogeneous and divided figure.
doi:10.3406/lgge.2004.962 fatcat:epou643o6ndwxmmodn3srriwyy