La surénonciation comme norme du genre : l'exemple de l'article de recherche et du dictionnaire en linguistique
Langages: Revue internationale des sciences du langage
Francis Grossmann, Fanny Rinck: Superenunciation as a norm of the genre: the example of linguistic research articles and dictionaries. This article studies the posture of "superenunciator" in two genres that are both related to "enunciative effacement": French research articles and dictionaries in human sciences. According to our hypothesis, such a posture is required by these two genres, although it varies with their enunciative specificities. We first discuss how to analyse the plurality of
... the plurality of enunciators and their relationships at the level of the text; this leads us to envisage a "polyphonic coherence" between the various viewpoints raised in a text. Then, by introducing the question of authorship in order to associate the enunciative responsibility with a textual one, we attempt to examine the role of discourse legitimization played by superenunciation. The analysis highlights some differences between the two genres: in dictionaries, the posture of superenunciator is related to the structural possibilities of the genre, and to a uniform enunciative authority. In the articles, it is directly construed by the plurality of enunciators, so that the author himself appears as a heterogeneous and divided figure.