Theory and methods in cultural neuroscience

Joan Y. Chiao, Ahmad R. Hariri, Tokiko Harada, Yoko Mano, Norihiro Sadato, Todd B. Parrish, Tetsuya Iidaka
2010 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Cultural neuroscience is an emerging research discipline that investigates cultural variation in psychological, neural and genomic processes as a means of articulating the bidirectional relationship of these processes and their emergent properties. Research in cultural neuroscience integrates theory and methods from anthropology, cultural psychology, neuroscience and neurogenetics. Here, we review a set of core theoretical and methodological challenges facing researchers when planning and
more » ... ting cultural neuroscience studies, and provide suggestions for overcoming these challenges. In particular, we focus on the problems of defining culture and culturally appropriate experimental tasks, comparing neuroimaging data acquired from different populations and scanner sites and identifying functional genetic polymorphisms relevant to culture. Implications of cultural neuroscience research for addressing current issues in population health disparities are discussed.
doi:10.1093/scan/nsq063 pmid:20592044 pmcid:PMC2894689 fatcat:tyjwux22kbcyrgribbajjx3zla