Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Lysate Ameliorates Photoaging of Human Skin Fibroblasts through NRF2/KEAP1 and TGF-β/SMAD Signaling Pathways

Yongtao Zhang, Jingsha Zhao, Yanbing Jiang, Dongdong Wang, Dan Zhao, Changtao Wang, Meng Li
2022 Applied Sciences  
More and more research in dermatology and cosmetic science is devoted to the development and application of postbiotic raw materials. In order to explore the anti-photoaging efficacy and application prospect of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens lysate (BAL1) on the skin, we used 16 J/cm2 UVA stimulation of human embryonic fibroblasts (CCC-ESF-1) to establish a UVA photodamage model to investigate the anti-photoaging efficacy of BAL1 and its mechanism of action. In this study, we found that BAL1
more » ... ed the transcription of downstream antioxidant enzyme genes mainly by promoting the nuclear displacement of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) within CCC-ESF-1, thus increasing the antioxidant capacity of antioxidant enzymes to scavenge excessive reactive oxygen species in cells. Meanwhile, BAL1 promoted intracellular TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway and reduced matrix metalloproteinase expression to alleviate the degradation of extracellular matrix. In conclusion, the results of this study demonstrate the potential benefit of BAL1 in protecting the skin against UVA-induced photoaging and highlight the potential of BAL1 in skin photoprotection.
doi:10.3390/app12189151 fatcat:gmmtx7deivdotohu5wwyq44eea