An Improved Churn

1891 Scientific American  
The illustration represents a barrel chum of simple construction, adapted to be rotated upon trunnions, and so made that the interior parts may be quickly removed for cleansing and readily replaced in opera tive position. The improvement has been patented by Mr. John T. Mark, of Strawn, Kansas. The cream agitator of this churn is composed of a series of thin rings, successively diminished in diameter from each pnd ring to the center ring, the rings being secured to each other at short distances
more » ... at short distances apart by bracket plates, HARK'S CHURN. leaving spaces between the rings to permit air and liquid to pass freely through the dasher, the cream strik ing on the edges of the rings, when the churn is operated. This skeleton dasher is of such size that its end rings will loosely fit against the interior surface of the churn body, to avoid objectionable rattle sidewise or endwise when the churn is in operation, while at the same time the dasher may be readily withdrawn, when the removable head is taken off. The cleaning of the parts is readily effected by introducing hot water and then operating the churn in the same manner as in making butter. Further information relative to this invention may be had of Mr. Frank Bucher, Hartford, Kansas. •. e .• AN IMPROVED TYPEWRITING MACHINE. The machine shown in the illustration, invented and patented by Mr. Austin Lowe, of Minneapolis, Kansas, besides being a standard typewriter for all ordinary work. is adapted for successful work in bound books of any size, as the machine can be readily clasped upon a book of any breadth or thickness for the recording of a deed or other instrument of writing. It has sev enty-four characters, including all carried by any standard machine, while there are but twenty·seven keys to be operated. It strikes downward and travels over the page or paper from left to right .along a spac ing bar, the printing mechanism moving along the bar weighing only 4Yz pounds, while the clasps and tha entire machine weigh only 9;!{ pounds. The machine has a novel lining device, suitable for application also to other typewriters, insuring perfect regulation of the distances between lines until the machine is worn out. The machine is designed to wear well, without needing repairs, and for ordinary service it is clasped upon a table in any con-, venient location for the work in hand. Further information relative to this machine may be obtained by addressing Mr. Austin Lowe, Secretary of the Minneapolis Type.writer Company, Minneapolis, Kansas. The other officers of the company are: President,
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican11211891-323 fatcat:sc6sbpwusfg3vmf7pgs233qxs4