Primary School In Pre-Revolutionary Chechnya (2Nd Half Of 19Th - Early 20Th Centuries)

Khatmat Abuevna Matagova
2021 unpublished
The organizational formation of the system of primary and secondary education in Chechnya took place in the 2 nd half of the 19 th -early 20 th century. During the establishment of the Russian administration in the region, secular primary schools were opened to introduce the local population to the Russian language and culture. In addition to secular schools, existing religious schools at different levels continued to function. It should be noted that in the post-reform Russia, primary
more » ... a, primary educational institutions were called specialized or zemstvo schools. There were single-grade schools with a term of study of 3-4 years and schools consisting of two grades with a term of 5-6 years. The primary school in the region was represented by various types, including the Grozny Mountain School; public folk schools financed by the population; village schools for the Cossack population financed from village budgets; folk specialized schools for Chechens; higher primary schools. In terms of the composition of educational subjects and the course of teaching, the Mountain School was similar to primary folk schools. Ministerial folk schools for Chechens began to open in the last decade of the 19 th century. The 1860s of the 19 th century refers to the appearance of village schools in Chechnya, which were created for the Cossack population. Since the end of the 19 th century, higher primary schools appear in Chechnya.
doi:10.15405/epsbs.2021.05.306 fatcat:owb7m5igqbfmxez7llv4765iae