Recovery and Recycling of Industrial Wastewater by Hybrid Processes [chapter]

Farhang Shadman
2012 Economic Sustainability and Environmental Protection in Mediterranean Countries through Clean Manufacturing Methods  
Modern industries demand large quantities of water at purity levels that are unprecedented in industrial applications. Unless water usage is changed, these processes will not be sustainable. The key solution to reducing water usage and wastewater discharge in the ultra-pure water (UPW) plants is the development of suitable technology for water reuse and recycling. In particular, successful water conservation strategies will require innovations in a number of areas. The ultimate solution to
more » ... conservation and sustainability for industrial use lies in some form of reuse and recycling strategy. However, the recycling process is not trivial and involves some challenges. Typically, the success in implementing recycling depends on two major factors: Farhang Shadman 20 F. Shadman 2. The second requirement is the availability of fast-response, real-time, and on-line sensors, and the associated process control strategies to monitor the quality of puri fi ed wastewater and protect the system against any unexpected upsets or surges in impurities. In particular, there is a need for robust metrology methods to prevent potential risks associated with water recycling as well as to demonstrate that recycling, when properly designed and implemented, can save water, reduce cost, and improve water quality. The concept of comprehensive and integrated metrology combined with process control is key in both performance improvement and in cost reduction. The application of sensors and advanced process-control are particularly critical for the operation of the hybrid systems. The available technologies in this area, as well as the remaining challenges that would need further research and development, are reviewed.
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5079-1_2 fatcat:wiayvxbi2rcnvcvooa7zzdp6oi