Dimensionality in BIM: Why BIM cannot have more than four dimensions?

Alexander Koutamanis
2020 Automation in Construction  
The paper examines proposals for nD BIM with respect to what may be considered a dimension and how dimensions relate to information in a symbolic representation. It establishes that 'dimension' is often used metaphorically to indicate information-processing capacitiesan unfortunate usage in an area where the term is used literally. The paper proposes that a dimension in symbolic building representations should be a primary property of a symbol, not derivative, and moreover essential for the
more » ... tity of the symbolized object, i.e. not subject to abstraction. On the basis of these principles, it is reasoned that BIM can only be 4D.
doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2020.103153 fatcat:7tpgmpzfujhojbipc4phfqg2fa