Mutational analysis of the cellular receptor for poliovirus

M S Freistadt, V R Racaniello
1991 Journal of Virology  
To identify sequences of the cellular poliovirus receptor (PVR) involved in viral infection, mutant PVR cDNAs were constructed and assayed for biological activity in mouse L cells. To confirm that mutant PVRs reached the cell surface, an immunological tag, consisting of part of CH3 from human immunoglobulin G1, was engineered into the PVR. Deletion of PVR amino acids 256 to 320 or 385 to the carboxy terminus yielded receptors that were able to support poliovirus infection. PVRs lacking amino
more » ... ds 40 to 136 or 137 to 256 were expressed at the cell surface but were not active as receptors for poliovirus. The results show that immunoglobulin-type domain 3 and the extreme carboxy terminus of the PVR are not required for viral receptor function, but sequences within the two amino-terminal domains contribute to the initiation of poliovirus infection.
doi:10.1128/jvi.65.7.3873-3876.1991 fatcat:xoxqehthq5dfxpdfsuvonctyha