Deep Learning for Sign Language Recognition: Current Techniques, Benchmarks, and Open Issues

Muhammad Al-Qurishi, Thariq Khalid, Riad Souissi
2021 IEEE Access  
People with hearing impairments are found worldwide; therefore, the development of effective local level sign language recognition (SLR) tools is essential. We conducted a comprehensive review of automated sign language recognition based on machine/deep learning methods and techniques published between 2014 and 2021 and concluded that the current methods require conceptual classification to interpret all available data correctly. Thus, we turned our attention to elements that are common to
more » ... t all sign language recognition methodologies. This paper discusses their relative strengths and weaknesses, and we propose a general framework for researchers. This study also indicates that input modalities bear great significance in this field; it appears that recognition based on a combination of data sources, including vision-based and sensor-based channels, is superior to a unimodal analysis. In addition, recent advances have allowed researchers to move from simple recognition of sign language characters and words towards the capacity to translate continuous sign language communication with minimal delay. Many of the presented models are relatively effective for a range of tasks, but none currently possess the necessary generalization potential for commercial deployment. However, the pace of research is encouraging, and further progress is expected if specific difficulties are resolved.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3110912 fatcat:mcjehb6znjcijhk2wzgdxbmzqq