Correlation between Substance Use and Anxiety-Depression Spectrum among Senior High School Students in Bandung

Achmad Samjunanto, Lucky Lucky, RA. Retno Ekowati
2016 Althea Medical Journal  
Both substance use and anxiety-depression spectrum are the problem that currently faced by adolescents especially among Senior High School students. Moreover, there is a high comorbidity between both problems. This study was conducted to discover the substance use's prevalence and to find out anxietydepression spectrum proportion among adolescent, and more importantly to determine whether there is correlation between both variables. Methods:During October-November 2013, four hundred and fifty
more » ... hundred and fifty two students from five Senior High Schools located in Karees Sub-District, Bandung were included in this cross-sectional analytic study. Among whom, only 425 students filled the questionnaire properly. Data were collected using Kessler-10 (K10) to explore anxiety-depression spectrum and addiction severity index lite version (ASI-Lite) to identify substance use. The correlation between both variables was analyzed by Gamma correlation test. Results: The study revealed that there were 93 (21.9%) students that used substance. In addition, there were 244 students (57.4%) that screened as having anxiety-depression spectrum. Statistical analysis, according to Gamma correlation test, showed that there was a weak correlation between alcohol use and anxiety-depression spectrum (p=0.041; r=0.316). The remaining substances gave no statistically significant result (p>0.05). Conclusions: There is a high prevalence in substance use and psychological distress in anxiety-depression spectrum among high school student. In addition, alcohol is the only substances that correlated with anxietydepression spectrum. [AMJ.2016;3(4):583-9]
doi:10.15850/amj.v3n4.943 fatcat:t4v5oqc6abgzlkv4wvx4adr6jm