Creation of an avocado unambiguous genotype SNP database for germplasm curation and as an aid to breeders

David N. Kuhn, Amy Groh, Jordon Rahaman, Barbie Freeman, Mary Lu Arpaia, Noëlani Van den Berg, Nilwala Abeysekara, Patricia Manosalva, Alan H. Chambers
2019 Tree Genetics & Genomes  
Avocado (Persea americana) is an important tropical and subtropical fruit tree crop. Traditional tree breeding programs face the challenges of long generation times and significant expense in land and personnel resources. Avocado selection and breeding can be more efficient and less expensive through the development and application of molecular markers. A total of 1524 individuals were genotyped with 384 SNPs creating the largest SNP genotype database for avocado. These individuals correspond
more » ... four extensive germplasm collections including two housed in Florida and two in California. In addition, hybrids and selections from two rootstock breeding programs have been genotyped. Genotype data were analyzed using an affinity propagation method to define 155 groups. The 384 SNP markers provided accurate genotype data for individuals from different Persea species as well as half-siblings. Therefore, the majority of the genetic diversity of the avocado germplasm and related species that were genotyped has been captured. A simple visual method can also be used to identify self-pollinated individuals among the half-siblings of known maternal parents and, in some cases, to infer likely candidates for the paternal parent. Finally, this dataset is unambiguous so breeders can determine the genetic diversity of their breeding stock to optimize avocado breeding and selection programs by identifying outcrossed individuals at the seedling stage, thus increasing the efficiency of avocado genetic improvement.
doi:10.1007/s11295-019-1374-1 fatcat:z6rn4dvtune6rjuqglzjwvi3ea