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Strut-and-Tie models are well-known worldwide as valuable tool in designing D-Regions of Reinforced Concrete members. It has been adopted in many Concrete Structural Codes in many countries. Recently strut-and-tie-models have been included in Indonesia Concrete Structural Code (SNI-03-2847-2012). In this paper, it will be shown how a Strut-and-Tie Model can be developed for various structural concrete deep beams using Evolutionary Structural Optimization. As a tool for this study the authordoi:10.1016/j.proeng.2015.11.153 fatcat:6rwqycmfazee7g7ye7vrth7igy