FRUIT ANATOMY OF THE GENUS BUPLEURUM L. (APIACEAE) IN IRAN ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮه‬ ‫آﻧﺎﺗﻮﻣﻲ‬

F Ghahremaninejad, E Hoseini, V Mozaffarian, Bupleurum
unpublished
The genus Bupleurum L., with about 185-195 species, is the second largest genus of the family Apiaceae Lindl. It includes 35 species in the Iranian plateau, 15 of which are thrived in Iran. Three species out of these, i.e., B. wolffianum, B. flexile and B. ghahremanii, are endemic to Iran. In this study, the fruit anatomy of all Bupleurum species in Iran, except B. wolffianum, for which specimens were not available, were studied for the first time. Some of the most taxonomically important fruit
more » ... lly important fruit characteristics were found to be: mericarp shape in transverse section, characteristics of ribs, ratio of mericarp width to thickness, existence of oil ducts, quantity of vallecular and commissural vittae, ratio of height to width of dorsal rib, and shape of endocarp in transverse section. Important features for each species were described and an identification key was also provided. Anatomical studies also confirmed the anatomical and morphological differences between Sect. Perfoliata and other members of the genus. Absence of vittae in Sect. perfoliata may be correlated with broad leaves, dilated, rounded and perfoliate leaf bases. In addition, two distinct subgroups were shown in respect to different number of vallecular vittae in each furrow. These features may be applied as the basic classification aspects for further investigation on the genus Bupleurum. Farrokh Ghahremaninejad (correspondence< ghahremaninejad@khu.ac.ir>), Ehsan Hoseini,) ‫ﻛﺮﻓﺴﻴﺎن‬ (‫اﻳﺮان‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻓﺮخ‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻧﮋاد‬ ‫ﻬﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ، ‫داﻧﺸﻴﺎر‬ ‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﺧﻮارزﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﺣﺴﺎن‬ ، ‫ﺧﻮارزﻣﻲ‬ ‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه‬ ‫دﻛﺘﺮي‬ ‫داﻧﺸﺠﻮي‬ ‫ﻣﻈﻔﺮﻳﺎن‬ ‫اﷲ‬ ‫وﻟﻲ‬ ، ‫داﻧﺸﻴﺎر‬ ‫ﺟﻨ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮر‬ ‫ﻣﺮاﺗﻊ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﮕﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ Bupleurum L. ‫ﺑﺎ‬ 185-195 ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺘﺮﻳﺎن‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮاده‬ ‫ﺑﺰرگ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫دوﻣﻴﻦ‬ ،‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬. ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻳﺮان‬ ‫ﻓﻼت‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ 15 ‫دارد‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬. ،‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬ B. wolffianum ، B. flexile ‫و‬ B. ghahremanii ‫اﻧﺤﺼﺎري‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻳﺮان‬. ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮه‬ ‫آﻧﺎﺗﻮﻣﻲ‬ ،‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫در‬ ،‫اﻳﺮان‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ B. wolffianum ‫ﻧﺒﻮد‬ ‫دﺳﺘﺮس‬ ‫در‬ ‫آن‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮار‬ ‫ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮرد‬ ‫ﺑﺎر‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬ ،. ‫وﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎرﺗﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮه‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﺴﻮﻧﻮﻣﻴﻜﻲ‬ : ‫ﭘﺮه‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮي‬ ‫وﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬ ،‫ﻋﺮﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮش‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎرپ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎري‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ،‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎرپ‬ ‫ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ،‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪاد‬ ،‫ﺗﺮﺷﺤﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮه‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ارﺗﻔﺎع‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ،‫ﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎرﭘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﭘﺮه‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ري‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮش‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﻧﺪوﻛﺎرپ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬. ‫وﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫داده‬ ‫ﺷﺮح‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬. ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺮدﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬. ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫آﻧﺎﺗﻮﻣﻴ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫آﻧﺎﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎوت‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫رﻳﺨ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺴﻴﻮن‬ Perfoliata ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﺮد‬. ‫ﻣﺠ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪان‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎري‬ ‫ﺑﺮگ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺮﺷﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺴﻴﻮن‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮر‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻗﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ Perfoliata ‫ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬. ‫ﭘﺮه‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺷﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎري‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎر‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎي‬ ‫ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫دﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ‬ ‫زﻳﺮﮔﺮوه‬ ‫دو‬ ،‫ﺿﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫داده‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎن‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﻧﺪ‬. ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫وﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮاﻧ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻮاﻣﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮان‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺪ‬ ‫رده‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪي‬ Bupleurum ‫ﺗﺤﻘ‬ ‫در‬ ‫رو‬ ‫ﻛﺎر‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫آﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎت‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ .
fatcat:7tc2zjusgbclpititsrt3rtlji