Convolutional neural networks in medical image understanding: a survey

D. R. Sarvamangala, Raghavendra V. Kulkarni
2021 Evolutionary Intelligence  
Imaging techniques are used to capture anomalies of the human body. The captured images must be understood for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning of the anomalies. Medical image understanding is generally performed by skilled medical professionals. However, the scarce availability of human experts and the fatigue and rough estimate procedures involved with them limit the effectiveness of image understanding performed by skilled medical professionals. Convolutional neural networks
more » ... are effective tools for image understanding. They have outperformed human experts in many image understanding tasks. This article aims to provide a comprehensive survey of applications of CNNs in medical image understanding. The underlying objective is to motivate medical image understanding researchers to extensively apply CNNs in their research and diagnosis. A brief introduction to CNNs has been presented. A discussion on CNN and its various award-winning frameworks have been presented. The major medical image understanding tasks, namely image classification, segmentation, localization and detection have been introduced. Applications of CNN in medical image understanding of the ailments of brain, breast, lung and other organs have been surveyed critically and comprehensively. A critical discussion on some of the challenges is also presented.
doi:10.1007/s12065-020-00540-3 pmid:33425040 pmcid:PMC7778711 fatcat:ykdwhdv3pzfqpnueyieinxofie