Effects of Concentrate Feeding on Rumen Papillae Development in Hanwoo Calves before Weaning
이유 전 농후사료 (무조사료) 급여가 한우 송아지의 반추위 유두 발달에 미치는 영향

Wan Young Kim, Sung Hoon Lee, Jin Ho Hwang, Seong Ki Kim, Sung Sill Lee, Joon Mo Yeo
2012 Journal of Animal Science and Technology  
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of concentrate feeding on rumen papillae development in suckling Hanwoo calves before weaning (60 days of age). Twenty-four Hanwoo calves (12 heifers and 12 bulls) at six days of age were randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments [hay and two levels (low and high) of concentrate feeding] and given each diet with free access to their dams for suckling until 60 days of age. At 60 days of age, two calves from each treatment were
more » ... sacrificed and used for post-mortem examination of rumen papillae development. Feed intake between 31 and 60 days of age was significantly higher (P<0.05) for the high concentrate treatment (380.2 g/d) than for other treatments (58.3 and 76.9 g/d for hay and low concentrate treatments, respectively). Although feed intake showed a large difference between the low and high concentrate treatments, body weights at birth and 60 days of age were similar between the two treatments, suggesting that calves in the low concentrate feeding suckled more milk from their dams than those in the high concentrate feeding. The ratio of reticulo-rumen weight to body weight at 60 days of age was significantly increased (P<0.05) in the high concentrate (1.39%), compared with those in the hay (0.85%) and low concentrate (1.06%) treatments. Furthermore, the high concentrate feeding significantly increased both rumen papillae length and width, compared with the hay and low concentrate feeding group. This was also detected clearly by visual observation. The blood concentration of β-hydroxybutyrate was significantly higher for the high concentrate (176.4 μmol/L) than for other treatments (58.9 and 59.2 μmol/L for the hay and the low concentrate group, respectively). In conclusion, the results of the present study showed that, to achieve a large development of rumen papillae before weaning (60 days of age) in suckling Hanwoo calves, the amount of concentrate intake should be important. And also the results implied that hay might not be included in the diet for suckling Hanwoo calves before weaning (60 days of age). (
doi:10.5187/jast.2012.54.5.355 fatcat:c56wbmi4kjcetkyans34a67gui