Purifying data by machine learning with certainty levels

Shlomi Dolev, Guy Leshem, Reuven Yagel
2010 Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Reliability, Availability, and Security - WRAS '10  
A fundamental paradigm used for autonomic computing, self-managing systems, and decision-making under uncertainty and faults is machine learning. Machine learning uses a data-set, or a set of data-items. A data-item is a vector of feature values and a classification. Occasionally these data sets include misleading data items that were either introduced by input device malfunctions, or were maliciously inserted to lead the machine learning to wrong conclusions. A reliable learning algorithm must
more » ... be able to handle a corrupted data-set. Otherwise, an adversary (or simply a malfunctioning input device that corrupts a portion of the data-set) may lead to inaccurate classifications. Therefore, the challenge is to find effective methods to evaluate and increase the certainty level of the learning process as much as possible. This paper introduces the use of a certainty level measure to obtain better classification capability in the presence of corrupted data items. Assuming a known data distribution (e.g., a normal distribution) and/or a known upper bound on the given number of corrupted data items, our techniques define a certainty level for classifications. Another approach suggests enhancing the random forest techniques to cope with corrupted data items by augmenting the certainty level for the classification obtained in each leaf in the forest. This method is of independent interest, that of significantly improving the classification of the random forest machine learning technique in less severe settings.
doi:10.1145/1953563.1953567 dblp:conf/podc/DolevLY10 fatcat:5tsho3pw6vcdddhkvxp2ykupjm