A Forest Fire Recognition Method Using UAV Images Based on Transfer Learning

Lin Zhang, Mingyang Wang, Yujia Fu, Yunhong Ding
2022 Forests  
Timely detection of forest wildfires is of great significance to the early prevention and control of large-scale forest fires. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV) with cameras has the characteristics of wide monitoring range and strong flexibility, making it very suitable for early detection of forest fire. However, the visual angle/distance of UAV in the process of image sampling and the limited sample size of UAV labeled images limit the accuracy of forest fire recognition based on UAV images. This
more » ... aper proposes a FT-ResNet50 model based on transfer learning. The model migrates the ResNet network trained on an ImageNet dataset and its initialization parameters into the target dataset of forest fire identification based on UAV images. Combined with the characteristics of the target data set, Adam and Mish functions are used to fine tune the three convolution blocks of ResNet, and focal loss function and network structure parameters are added to optimize the ResNet network, to extract more effectively deep semantic information from fire images. The experimental results show that compared with baseline models, FT-ResNet50 achieved better accuracy in forest fire identification. The recognition accuracy of the FT-ResNet50 model was 79.48%; 3.87% higher than ResNet50 and 6.22% higher than VGG16.
doi:10.3390/f13070975 fatcat:gip4tdijmzh2dba2z446ijry64