On local well-posedness of logarithmic inviscid regularizations of generalized SQG equations in borderline Sobolev spaces

Michael S. Jolly, Anuj Kumar, Vincent R. Martinez
2021 Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis  
<p style='text-indent:20px;'>This paper studies a family of generalized surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) equations for an active scalar <inline-formula><tex-math id="M1">\begin{document}$ \theta $\end{document}</tex-math></inline-formula> on the whole plane whose velocities have been mildly regularized, for instance, logarithmically. The well-posedness of these regularized models in borderline Sobolev regularity have previously been studied by D. Chae and J. Wu when the velocity
more » ... tex-math id="M2">\begin{document}$ u $\end{document}</tex-math></inline-formula> is of lower singularity, i.e., <inline-formula><tex-math id="M3">\begin{document}$ u = -\nabla^{\perp} \Lambda^{ \beta-2}p( \Lambda) \theta $\end{document}</tex-math></inline-formula>, where <inline-formula><tex-math id="M4">\begin{document}$ p $\end{document}</tex-math></inline-formula> is a logarithmic smoothing operator and <inline-formula><tex-math id="M5">\begin{document}$ \beta \in [0, 1] $\end{document}</tex-math></inline-formula>. We complete this study by considering the more singular regime <inline-formula><tex-math id="M6">\begin{document}$ \beta\in(1, 2) $\end{document}</tex-math></inline-formula>. The main tool is the identification of a suitable linearized system that preserves the underlying commutator structure for the original equation. We observe that this structure is ultimately crucial for obtaining continuity of the flow map. In particular, straightforward applications of previous methods for active transport equations fail to capture the more nuanced commutator structure of the equation in this more singular regime. The proposed linearized system nontrivially modifies the flux of the original system in such a way that it coincides with the original flux when evaluated along solutions of the original system. The requisite estimates are developed for this modified linear system to ensure its well-posedness.</p>
doi:10.3934/cpaa.2021169 fatcat:iyxfp54bgzfjhdp4pvvrhlwq5i