Transforming growth factor beta 1 suppresses transformation in hepatocytes by regulating alpha 1 beta 1 integrin expression

R Serra, S Carbonetto, M Lord, H C Isom
1994 Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research  
We previously reported that (a) treatment of the ras-transformed hepatocyte cell line NR4 with transforming growth factor (TGF) beta 1 suppresses many characteristics associated with the transformed phenotype including altered morphology, actin cytoskeleton reorganization, and anchorage-independent growth such that the cells more closely resemble the immortalized CWSV1 parent cell line; (b) transformed NR4 cells expressed significantly less alpha 1 integrin RNA than the immortalized CWSV1
more » ... and (c) TGF-beta 1 treatment of NR4 cells stimulated the expression of alpha 1 and beta 1 integrin RNAs. In this report, the role of the alpha 1 beta 1 integrin in TGF-beta 1-mediated suppression of the ras-transformed phenotype was investigated. We determined that (a) the cell surface integrin that increased in response to TGF-beta 1 treatment of NR4 cells was alpha 1 integrin; (b) TGF-beta 1 altered the ability of NR4 cells to attach to collagen and laminin, the extracellular matrix components that interact with the alpha 1 beta 1 integrin receptor; (c) TGF-beta 1 treatment resulted in relocalization of the alpha 1 integrin on the NR4 cell surface; and (d) TGF-beta 1-mediated inhibition of anchorage-independent growth was blocked by the presence of alpha 1 integrin antibody. A cell line that overexpresses alpha 1 integrin was derived from NR4 cells; characterization of these cells indicated that they continued to express H-ras RNA but were less transformed than the parent NR4 cells. Specifically, they had an altered morphology, an organized actin cytoskeleton, and reduced ability to demonstrate anchorage-independent growth.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
pmid:8049157 fatcat:l6serzpszzcprf4uq74j2n5geu