Energy efficient building environment control strategies using real-time occupancy measurements

Varick L. Erickson, Yiqing Lin, Ankur Kamthe, Rohini Brahme, Amit Surana, Alberto E. Cerpa, Michael D. Sohn, Satish Narayanan
2009 Proceedings of the First ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings - BuildSys '09  
Current climate control systems often rely on building regulation maximum occupancy numbers for maintaining proper temperatures. However, in many situations, there are rooms that are used infrequently, and may be heated or cooled needlessly. Having knowledge regarding occupancy and being able to accurately predict usage patterns may allow significant energy-savings by intelligent control of the L-HVAC systems. In this paper, we report on the deployment of a wireless camera sensor network for
more » ... nsor network for collecting data regarding occupancy in a large multi-function building. The system estimates occupancy with an accuracy of 80%. Using data collected from this system, we construct multivariate Gaussian and agent based models for predicting user mobility patterns in buildings. Using these models, we can predict room usage thereby enabling us to control the HVAC systems in an adaptive manner. Our simulations indicate a 14% reduction in HVAC energy usage by having an optimal control strategy based on occupancy estimates and usage patterns.
doi:10.1145/1810279.1810284 fatcat:bmeattj3mfd3fa3i54llsfy4om