Information Transfer in the Penta-EF-hand Protein Sorcin Does Not Operate via the Canonical Structural/Functional Pairing

Manuela Mella, Gianni Colotti, Carlotta Zamparelli, Daniela Verzili, Andrea Ilari, Emilia Chiancone
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Sorcin is a typical penta-EF-hand protein that participates in Ca 2؉ -regulated processes by translocating reversibly from cytosol to membranes, where it interacts with different target proteins in different tissues. Binding of two Ca 2؉ /monomer triggers translocation, although EF1, EF2, and EF3 are potentially able to bind calcium at micromolar concentrations. To identify the functional pair, the conserved bidentate -Z glutamate in these EF-hands was mutated to yield E53Q-, E94A-, and
more » ... rcin, respectively. Limited structural perturbations occur only in E124A-sorcin due to involvement of Glu-124 in a network of interactions that comprise the long D helix connecting EF3 to EF2. The overall affinity for Ca 2؉ and for two sorcin targets, annexin VII and the ryanodine receptor, follows the order wildtype > E53Q-> E94A-> E124A-sorcin, indicating that disruption of EF3 has the largest functional impact and that disruption of EF2 and EF1 has progressively smaller effects. Based on this experimental evidence, EF3 and EF2, which are not paired in the canonical manner, are the functional EF-hands. Sorcin is proposed to be activated upon Ca 2؉ binding to EF3 and transmission of the conformational change at Glu-124 via the D helix to EF2 and from there to EF1 via the canonical structural/functional pairing. This mechanism may be applicable to all penta-EF-hand proteins.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m213276200 pmid:12711611 fatcat:yfns6yadk5h5ldf2oiqhrejrqy