Deep Learning-Based Power Control Scheme with Partial Channel Information in Overlay Device-to-Device Communication Systems
In the overlay device-to-device (D2D) communication systems, transmit power control is critical to better manage interference, so that the sum rate is maximized. Such power control for sumrate optimization is NP-hard, which is typically tackled by iterative algorithms such as weighted minimum mean square error (WMMSE) method. However, the iterative power control schemes inherently incur high complexity and excessive latency. To overcome the limitations, we propose a deep learning-based power
... trol scheme with reduced complexity and latency, where partial and outdated channel state information (CSI) is considered. Using a deep neural network (DNN)-based approach, we formulate an optimization problem to maximize the spectral efficiency under the constraints of user fairness and energy efficiency, where the DNN-based method is based on unsupervised learning with no label data generation process. In addition, a CSI reporting method based on the channel-to-interference power ratio is proposed for partial CSI feedback, which considerably reduces the feedback overhead. Through simulations, we show the results of the spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, and fairness performance for various topographical sizes and channel correlation coefficients. Also, it is shown that the proposed scheme achieves better spectral efficiency and energy efficiency than the WMMSE scheme even when it uses a small amount of CSI feedback. INDEX TERMS Deep neural network, transmit power control, spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, index of fairness, partial channel state information.