Usefulness of .BETA. Blocker Therapy in Patients with Takayasu Arteritis and Moderate or Severe Aortic Regurgitation

Moncada Gustavo, Hashimoto Yuji, Kobayashi Yasushi, Maruyama Yoshiaki, Numano Fujio
2000 Japanese Heart Journal  
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of β -blocker therapy for patients with Takayasu arteritis complicated by moderate or severe aortic regurgitation. Clinical and echocardiographic evaluation was performed in 20 Japanese women in a follow-up period of 7.0 ± 2.0 years. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group A (n = 10) patients who did not receive β -blockers, and Group B (n = 10) patients treated with long-term (5.1 ± 1.6 years) therapeutic doses of β
more » ... doses of β -blockers. Left ventricular wall thickness increased significantly in all Takayasu patients who did not receive β -blockers. Consequently, a remarkable increment in left ventricular mass took place (232 ± 59 to 361 ± 79 g; p < 0.005). In the same group, progressive worsening of the symptoms, with no reduction in the percent fractional shortening, was observed in 2 patients, while reduction of this last index was present in 1 asymptomatic patient. On the other hand, among the patients who were treated with β -blockers, left ventricular mass still increased in 6 cases, while it clearly decreased in the other 4 cases (290 ± 171 to 284 ± 61 g; NS). The increment in wall thickness or left ventricular mass observed among patients with β -blocker therapy was clearly less than the one registered among those who had not received β -blockers. Furthermore, no worsening of the symptoms and / or left ventricular performance was observed during the follow-up period for patients receiving β -blockers. We conclude that β -blocker therapy can slow and even reverse the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with Takayasu arteritis complicated by moderate or severe aortic regurgitation. The mechanism still needs to be elucidated. We believe an effective reduction in the excessive afterload imposed on the left ventricle to be most likely responsible, but cardiac β -receptor up-regulation might also be involved. Deterioration of the clinical status and / or impairment of left ventricular function were not associated with β -blocker therapy in our patients. Therefore, these agents can be used safely alone or in addition to standard anti-hypertensive therapy when attempting to reduce
doi:10.1536/jhj.41.325 pmid:10987351 fatcat:inqlramabba3dpuxeucgjmzv44