Prophylactic use of pregabalin for prevention of succinylcholine-induced fasciculation and myalgia: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study

Vinit K. Srivastava, Sanjay Agrawal, Vikrant K. Nimbhorkar, Abhishek Mishra, Sunil Sharma, Prasanta K. Panda
2016 Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology  
Succinylcholine is commonly used to achieve profound neuromuscular blockade of rapid onset and short duration. Objective: The present study compared the efficacy of pregabalin for prevention of succinylcholine-induced fasciculation and myalgia. Design: Prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, double blinded study. Materials and methods: Patients of both genders undergoing elective spine surgery were randomly assigned to two groups. Patients in Group P (pregabalin group) received 150 mg of
more » ... egabalin orally 1 h prior to induction of anesthesia with sips of water and patients in Group C (control group) received placebo. Anesthesia was induced with fentanyl 1.5 mcg/kg, propofol 1.5---2.0 mg/kg followed by succinylcholine 1.5 mg/kg. The intensity of fasciculations was assessed by an observer blinded to the group allotment of the patient on a 4-point scale. A blinded observer recorded postoperative myalgia grade after 24 h of surgery. Patients were provided patient-controlled analgesia with fentanyl for postoperative pain relief. Results: Demographic data of both groups were comparable (p > 0.05). The incidence of muscle fasciculation's was not significant between two groups (p = 0.707), while more patients in group C had moderate to severe fasciculation's compared to group P (p = 0.028). The incidence and severity of myalgia were significantly lower in group P (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Pregabalin 150 mg prevents succinylcholine-induced fasciculations and myalgia and also decreases the fentanyl consumption in elective sine surgery.
doi:10.1016/j.bjane.2014.08.004 pmid:26952225 fatcat:nihl3jqeerbszorjvedgsynxdu