Bulk Metal Forming of Additively Manufactured Elements
MATEC Web of Conferences
Current trends in the industry go towards individualised parts in high volume production. Facing the high amount of different parts, efficient processes with a high flexibility are necessary. Within this context, laser-based additive manufacturing of metal parts become more important. These processes enable the production of individual geometries using a variety of metal materials. However, main challenges of this technology are rough surfaces, limited geometric precision and varying material
... operties. Therefore machining after the additive manufacturing process is a common approach for improving surface quality and geometric accuracy. However, the machining process affects the grain structure at the edges of the part. Using forming instead leads to a deformation of the grains but does not create new interfaces. Furthermore, the material properties can be improved due to work hardening and fibre flow. Within this work, a bulk metal forming process of an additively manufactured element of stainless steel 316L will be analysed. The aim of the investigation is a fundamental understanding of the forming behaviour and the material flow of an additively built metal part compared to the conventionally manufactured material. Therefore mechanical properties of both materials will be identified by upsetting tests. Additionally, fibre flow and Vickers hardness before and after the forming operation are analysed. It is detected that the forming behaviour of the additively manufactured material is strongly influenced by the layer-wise building process.