A STUDY OF INCIDENCE OF NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS AND THEIR PATTERN IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF GURUGRAM

Garg. S, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, SGT Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Gurugram, India., Saxena. A. K, Aneja. P, Saha. S, Professor& HOD, Dept. of Anatomy, SGT Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Gurugram, India., Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, SGT Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Gurugram, India., Associate Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, SGT Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Gurugram, India.
2020 International Journal of Anatomy and Research  
The total number of deliveries was recorded from 2017-2019.The aborted fetuses with NTDs were observed in detail externally for the sex, type of NTD and other associated anomalies after obtaining ethical clearance and written informed consent of the parents. Results: The number of deliveries conducted between 2017-2019 at SGT Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Gurugram was 2500. There were 8 babies born with NTDs (5 female and 4 male). Overall incidence of NTDs in the present
more » ... in the present study was 3.2/1000 births with female preponderance. The incidence of fetuses with anencephaly, myelocele, meningomyelocele, craniorachischisis and encephalocele were 0.8, 1.2, 0.4, 0.4, and 0.4 per 1000 births respectively. Conclusion: Birth defects like Neural Tube Defects are easily detected by routine screening tests like USG in first and second trimester of pregnancy. Public health measures like preconception folic acid supplements and increasing awareness about maternal care during pregnancy needs to be highlighted to decrease the incidence of congenital anomalies and their comorbidities.
doi:10.16965/ijar.2019.303 fatcat:5xuivliorfglle4ihunn2xwjze