Massively Parallel Approximate Distance Sketches [article]

Michael Dinitz, Yasamin Nazari
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Data structures that allow efficient distance estimation (distance oracles, distance sketches, etc.) have been extensively studied, and are particularly well studied in centralized models and classical distributed models such as CONGEST. We initiate their study in newer (and arguably more realistic) models of distributed computation: the Congested Clique model and the Massively Parallel Computation (MPC) model. We provide efficient constructions in both of these models, but our core results are
more » ... for MPC. In MPC we give two main results: an algorithm that constructs stretch/space optimal distance sketches but takes a (small) polynomial number of rounds, and an algorithm that constructs distance sketches with worse stretch but that only takes polylogarithmic rounds. Along the way, we show that other useful combinatorial structures can also be computed in MPC. In particular, one key component we use to construct distance sketches are an MPC construction of the hopsets of Elkin and Neiman (2016). This result has additional applications such as the first polylogarithmic time algorithm for constant approximate single-source shortest paths for weighted graphs in the low memory MPC setting.
arXiv:1810.09027v4 fatcat:o6yztntpxbg27onobkvirnw4rq