Socio-Economic Household Surveys on the Application of Basic Preventive Measures Dictated by the WHO to Stop the Spread of COVID-19 in the Northern Zone of Cameroon

Davy Ali Ahmed, Victor Awé Djongmo, Valery Noiha Noumi, Adamou Ibrahima
2020 Research and Reviews of Infectious Diseases  
Currently, the emergence of a new human coronavirus, COVID-19, is of concern to all humanity. In order to understand the effect of this disease on the behavior of populations, we conducted surveys of 900 households in 300 households per Region (Adamawa, North, and Far North) in Northern of Cameroon. The surveys focused on compliance with the basic preventive measures dictated by the WHO, the means developed by households to block the way to this COVID-19, and the activities that occupy them
more » ... ng the period of confinement. Among the measures proposed by WHO, households are more likely to frequently clean their hands with a hydro-alcoholic product or with soap and water, cover their nose and mouth with a handkerchief or the hollow of the elbow when coughing or sneezing, avoid touching their face, keep at least 1 meter away from others and are most confined in the Adamawa region. In the context where no specific therapy is available at the moment, households equip their medicine boxes with chloroquine phosphate. They also include more spices in their menus. The habits of the population have not remained on the fringes: Television, internet followed by reading and finally sports have taken a major place in the daily occupation. As hospitals in developing countries remain less equipped, limiting the spread of COVID-19 is crucial. Nowadays, COVID-19 constitutes a harmful pandemic, hence the informative value of this study for new decision-making by the authorities.
doi:10.36959/719/562 fatcat:jji5sntivvfrvgfwteksc7dsea