Otologic problems in Turner syndrome

Ahmadreza Saied, Okhovat, Mahin Hashemipour, Alireza Majlesi, Mehdi Salek, Masoumeh Raufi, Hanif Saied, Okhovat
2010 unpublished
and Aim: Turner syndrome is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in females, affecting an estimated 3% of all conceiving females. Otologic disease is a common problem in Turner syndrome patients that is due to a combination of small dysfunction Eustachian tube, palatal dysfunction and cochlear malformation. Methods: This study assessed the otologic and audiologic characteristics of a group of Turner syndrome patients. We studied 40 Turner patients aged 10 to 20 years (mean age: 15.84
more » ... , SD=2.67). Pure tone audiometry was carried out for all of them. Results: Forty percent of the patients reported a history of middle ear disease. Analysis of audiometric data in 40 patients tested reveals normal hearing in 47.5%, pure sensorineural hearing loss in 32.5%, pure conductive hearing loss in 17.5% and mixed hearing loss in 2.5% of patients. Conclusion: Careful follow up during early childhood of children with Turner syndrome is necessary to detect middle ear disease and prevent the probable sequel. However, long term periodic follow up is mandatory even after resolution of middle ear disease to detect sensorineural hearing loss.