Adaptive response surface by kriging using pilot points for structural reliability analysis
IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Structural reliability analysis aims to compute the probability of failure by considering system uncertainties. However, this approach may require very time-consuming computation and becomes impracticable for complex structures especially when complex computer analysis and simulation codes are involved such as finite element method. Approximation methods are widely used to build simplified approximations, or metamodels providing a surrogate model of the original codes. The most popular
... st popular surrogate model is the response surface methodology, which typically employs second order polynomial approximation using least-squares regression techniques. Several authors have been used response surface methods in reliability analysis. However, another approximation method based on kriging approach has successfully applied in the field of deterministic optimization. Few studies have treated the use of kriging approximation in reliability analysis and reliability-based design optimization. In this paper, the kriging approximation is used an alternative to the traditional response surface method, to approximate the performance function of the reliability analysis. The main objective of this work is to develop an efficient global approximation while controlling the computational cost and accurate prediction. A pilot point method is proposed to the kriging approximation in order to increase the prior predictivity of the approximation, which the pilot points are good candidates for numerical simulation. In other words, the predictive quality of the initial kriging approximation is improved by adding adaptive information called "pilot points" in areas where the kriging variance is maximum. This methodology allows for an efficient modeling of highly non-linear responses, while the number of simulations is reduced compared to Latin Hypercubes approach. Numerical examples show the efficiency and the interest of the proposed method.