Counting of Teams in First-Order Team Logics [article]

Anselm Haak, Juha Kontinen, Fabian Müller, Heribert Vollmer, Fan Yang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We study descriptive complexity of counting complexity classes in the range from #P to #·NP. A corollary of Fagin's characterization of NP by existential second-order logic is that #P can be logically described as the class of functions counting satisfying assignments to free relation variables in first-order formulae. In this paper we extend this study to classes beyond #P and extensions of first-order logic with team semantics. These team-based logics are closely related to existential
more » ... order logic and its fragments, hence our results also shed light on the complexity of counting for extensions of FO in Tarski's semantics. Our results show that the class #·NP can be logically characterized by independence logic and existential second-order logic, whereas dependence logic and inclusion logic give rise to subclasses of #·NP and #P , respectively. Our main technical result shows that the problem of counting satisfying assignments for monotone Boolean Σ_1-formulae is #·NP-complete as well as complete for the function class generated by dependence logic.
arXiv:1902.00246v3 fatcat:gisjetmrvvguhpsd5zq2farqzu