Farklı Bir Mezar Anıtı Olarak Açık Türbeler: Muş Örnekleri

Bülent Nuri KILAVUZ-
2020 Turkish Studies-Social Sciences  
One of the most frequently discovered artefacts in the Medieval and Post-Medieval Surface Explorations, carried out in the province of Muş between the years 2007-20012, are memorial tombs. During the exploration, different types of tombs that were not covered and not included in the memorial tomb classification were encountered. While these tombs, reaching thirteen in numbers, are centered in Bulanık and Korkut regions, similar examples were observed in areas nearby. Various structures were
more » ... t on top of the graves or at least gravestones were placed on them in different cultures as a symbol of respect to the person that passed away, to honor their memory, to make the location of the grave permanent and protect the grave. According to Islamic beliefs, the remains of a person has to be buried in soil. In Arabic, the hole that the body is placed into is called sepulchre and the mound of dirt placed on it is called mausoleum, and grave means the place of visit. Introduced to Anatolia by Turks, many mausoleums in different forms were built in accordance with the period's characteristics beginning from Anatolian Seljuk Empire until the end of Ottoman Era. Mausoleums are divided into nine classess in the explorations carried out, generally according to their body forms. While mausoleums with open sides in baldachin form are included in this classification, un-covered mausoleums are not. In addition to a few examples of it in the classical era of Ottoman architecture, similar examples are frequently encountered in Istanbul and Balkans, especially in the late era. The open mausoleums in Muş; were generally built as a grave structure with their square or rectangle plans that surround two or three graves in them, with coping walls, entrances and altars. This different type of grave structure can be named as "Open Mausoleum".
doi:10.29228/turkishstudies.40262 fatcat:patehd7banggdl3fphgga3bgke