Collision Avoidance for Unmanned Surface Vehicles based on COLREGS

Jiayuan Zhuang, Jing Luo, Yuanchang Liu, Richard Bucknall, Hanbing Sun, Cheng Huang
2019 2019 5th International Conference on Transportation Information and Safety (ICTIS)  
Unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) are becoming increasingly vital in a variety of maritime applications. The development of a real-time autonomous collision avoidance system is the pivotal issue in the study on USVs, in which the reliable collision risk detection and the adoption of a plausible collision avoidance maneuver play a key role. Existing studies on this subject seldom integrate the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 (COLREGS) guidelines. However, in order
more » ... o ensure maritime safety, it is of fundamental importance that such a regulation should be obeyed at all times. In this paper, an approach of real-time collision avoidance has been presented with the compliance with the COLREGS rules been successfully integrated for USV. The approach has been designed in a way that through the judgment of the collision situation, the velocity and heading angle of the USV are changed to complete the collision avoidance of the obstacle. A strategy with reference obstacle is proposed to deal with the multiple moving obstacles situation. A number of simulations have been conducted in order to confirm the validity of the theoretic results obtained. The results show that the algorithms can sufficiently deal with complex traffic environments and that the generated practical path is suitable for USVs.
doi:10.1109/ictis.2019.8883829 fatcat:kycf6um4svekhfcy2duzl4t4oa