Circadian vulnerability of cisplatin‐induced ototoxicity in the cochlea

Evangelia Tserga, Rocio Moreno‐Paublete, Heela Sarlus, Erik Björn, Eduardo Guimaraes, Christian Göritz, Christopher R. Cederroth, Barbara Canlon
2020 The FASEB Journal  
The chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin is renowned for its ototoxic effects. While hair cells in the cochlea are established targets of cisplatin, less is known regarding the afferent synapse, which is an essential component in the faithful temporal transmission of sound. The glutamate aspartate transporter (GLAST) shields the auditory synapse from excessive glutamate release, and its loss of function increases the vulnerability to noise, salicylate, and aminoglycosides. Until now, the
more » ... of GLAST in cisplatin-mediated ototoxicity remains unknown. Here, we test in mice lacking GLAST the effects of a low-dose cisplatin known not to cause any detectable change in hearing thresholds. When administered at nighttime, a mild hearing loss in GLAST KO mice was found but not at daytime, revealing a potential circadian regulation of the vulnerability to cisplatin-mediated ototoxicity. We show that the auditory synapse of GLAST KO mice is more vulnerable to cisplatin administration during the active phase (nighttime) when compared to WT mice and treatment during the inactive phase (daytime). This effect was not related to the abundance of platinum compounds in the cochlea, rather cisplatin had a dose-dependent impact on cochlear clock rhythms only after treatment at nighttime suggesting that cisplatin can modulate the molecular clock. Our findings suggest that the current protocols of cisplatin administration in humans during daytime may cause a yet undetectable damage to the auditory synapse, more so in already damaged ears, and severely impact auditory sensitivity in cancer survivors.
doi:10.1096/fj.202001236r pmid:32840016 fatcat:jdx2vikvojfvtjlihgshpobniu