Crystal Orientation Mapping of Copper Interconnects using EBSD

Keith Dicks
2000 Microscopy Today  
The semiconductor industry is committed to introducing copper interconnects in place of aluminum for the latest generation of semiconductor devices. With its greater current carrying capacity, the use of copper should enable further reductions in device geometry, power consumption and heat generation, and lead to higher performance and longer battery life in portable devices.Grain orientations, crystal log raphic 'texture' trends and boundary types are crucial in determining properties such as
more » ... properties such as electrical resistively, strength and corrosion resistance. These parameters may be implicated both in the performance of the device and in failure mechanisms, which are of great importance in determining reliability.Our work demonstrates that high-resolution electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is now both possible and routinely achievable using both hot and cold field emission gun scanning electron microscopes (FEGSEMs). Our results demonstrate that EBSD can be successfully used to map grain orientation and to reveal and classify grain boundaries for this application.
doi:10.1017/s1551929500052834 fatcat:o52xcqqmzfcmpous7su7d36vaa