A Mechanism for Explaining the Maximum Intraseasonal Oscillation Center over the Western North Pacific*

Fei Liu, Bin Wang
2014 Journal of Climate  
During late boreal summer (July-October), the intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) exhibits maximum variability over the western North Pacific (WNP) centered in the South China Sea and Philippine Sea, but many numerical models have difficulty in simulating this essential feature of the ISO. To understand why this maximum variability center exists, the authors advance a simple box model to elaborate the potential contribution of the mean-state-dependent atmosphere-ocean interaction. The model results
more » ... suggest that the WNP seasonal mean monsoon trough plays an essential role in sustaining a strong stationary ISO, contributing to the existence of the maximum intraseasonal variability center. First, the monsoon trough provides abundant moisture supply for the growing ISO disturbances through the frictional boundary layer moisture convergence. Second, the cyclonic winds associated with the monsoon trough provide a favorable basic state to support a negative atmosphere-ocean thermodynamic feedback that sustains a prominent stationary ISO. In an active phase of the ISO, anomalous cyclonic winds enhance the monsoon trough and precipitation, which reduce shortwave radiation flux and increase evaporation; both processes cool the sea surface and lead to an ensuing high pressure anomaly and a break phase of the ISO. In the wintertime, however, the windevaporation feedback is positive and sustains the Philippine Sea anticyclone. The result here suggests that accurate simulation of the boreal summer climatological mean state is critical for capturing a realistic ISO over the WNP region.
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00797.1 fatcat:5ahf4hzqyfdpjej4devnvnqily