EFFICACY OF FERROUS FUMARATE ON THE IRON AND HEALTH STATUS OF MODERATE ANAEMIC GINNING WOMEN WORKERS
International Journal of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Industrialisation has been recognized as the main solution to the problem of unemployment in developing countries like India. Textile industry is one of the sectors which furnish semiskilled jobs to women population in our country. Inspite of the improvement in textile technology the work environment has not changed much in ginning factories discharge large amount of cotton dust. Research reports highlighted that women working in textile industry suffer from musculoskeletal aches, respiratory
... ches, respiratory problems, decreased pulmonary function and anaemia etc. Considering this, an attempt has been made to assess the nutritional and health status of ginning women workers. The investigation was carried out in the urban areas of Tirupur and Erode Districts of Tamilnadu. Totally 150 nonpregnant, nonlactating adult women performing varied textile tasks and aged between 20 to 60 years were identified randomly from ginning (n=150) (gin house, gutter, and sorting sections) industries. Socio demographic, work pattern nutritional and health status were assessed by administering a questionnaire. Morbid conditions including respiratory problems (Medical Research Council Respiratory Questionnaire) and musculoskeletal aches were assessed. Further, to correct micronutrient deficiency, iron and folic acid fortified soy biscuits were formulated. Intervention study was conducted among the selected moderate anaemic ginners (n=20) by providing 100 g (482 kilocalories, 13.5g protein, 8.4mg iron as ferrous fumarate and 120µg folic acid). of soy biscuits per day as midmorning and midevening snack for 120 days. Therapeutic efficacy of food supplement was studied by assessing their anthropometric, clinical examination and haematological, conditions at pre and post supplementation period. The ginning unit women workers exhibited significant changes in the level of biochemical indices. Specific strategy should be developed for improving their nutritional status and periodic health check up is also advisable to monitor health and nutrition.