An Interpretable Aid Decision-Making Model for Flag State Control Ship Detention Based on SMOTE and XGBoost

Jian He, Yong Hao, Xiaoqiong Wang
2021 Journal of Marine Science and Engineering  
The reasonable decision of ship detention plays a vital role in flag state control (FSC). Machine learning algorithms can be applied as aid tools for identifying ship detention. In this study, we propose a novel interpretable ship detention decision-making model based on machine learning, termed SMOTE-XGBoost-Ship detention model (SMO-XGB-SD), using the extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm and the synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE) algorithm to identify whether a ship
more » ... y whether a ship should be detained. Our verification results show that the SMO-XGB-SD algorithm outperforms random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM), and logistic regression (LR) algorithm. In addition, the new algorithm also provides a reasonable interpretation of model performance and highlights the most important features for identifying ship detention using the Shapley additive explanations (SHAP) algorithm. The SMO-XGB-SD model provides an effective basis for aiding decisions on ship detention by inland flag state control officers (FSCOs) and the ship safety management of ship operating companies, as well as training services for new FSCOs in maritime organizations.
doi:10.3390/jmse9020156 fatcat:fc7pl7lvhvgcngptsqa2i2hrnq