Galaxy Clustering and Large‐Scale Structure from \documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage[OT2,OT1]{fontenc} \newcommand\cyr{ \renewcommand\rmdefault{wncyr} \renewcommand\sfdefault{wncyss} \renewcommand\encodingdefault{OT2} \normalfont \selectfont} \DeclareTextFontCommand{\textcyr}{\cyr} \pagest ...

Todd A. Small, Chung‐Pei Ma, Wallace L. W. Sargent, Donald Hamilton
1999 Astrophysical Journal  
(abridged) We present a study of the nature and evolution of large-scale structure based on two independent redshift surveys of faint field galaxies conducted with the 176-fiber Norris Spectrograph on the Palomar 200-inch telescope. The two surveys together sparsely cover ~20 sq. degrees and contain 835 r < 21 mag galaxies with redshifts 0.2 < z < 0.5. Both surveys have a median redshift of z = 0.30. In order to obtain a rough estimate of the cosmic variance, we analyze the two surveys
more » ... ntly. We measure the comoving correlation length to be 3.70 +/- 0.13 h^-1 Mpc at z = 0.30 with a power-law slope gamma = 1.77 +/- 0.05. Dividing the sample into low (0.2 < z < 0.3) and high (0.32 < z < 0.5) redshift intervals, we see no evidence for a change in the comoving correlation length over the redshift range 0.2 < z < 0.5. Similar to the well-established results in the local universe, we find that intrinsically bright galaxies are more strongly clustered than intrinsically faint galaxies and that galaxies with little ongoing star formation, as judged from the rest-frame equivalent width of the [OII]3727, are more strongly clustered than galaxies with significant ongoing star formation. The rest-frame pairwise velocity dispersion of the sample is 326^+67_-52 km s^-1, ~25% lower than typical values measured locally. The appearance of the galaxy distribution, particularly in the more densely sampled Abell 104 field, is quite striking. The pattern of sheets and voids which has been observed locally continues at least to z ~ 0.5. A friends-of-friends analysis of the galaxy distribution supports the visual impression that > 90% of all galaxies at z < 0.5 are part of larger structures with overdensities of > 5.
doi:10.1086/307795 fatcat:lc6s7me24fhshem3l6epitkemi