Molecular Characterization of Echinococcus granulosus in South of Iran

Saeid Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi Fazeli, Arsalan Hosseini, Seyed Shahram Shekarforoush
2012 Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine  
The focus of present study was to determine the epidemiological and molecular aspects of different strains of cystic echinococcosis in Fars province, Iran. Liver and lung samples from 410 sheep, 206 goats and 315 cattle were collected. In cattle, the infestation rate was 18.1% (57/315), with 11.1% hepatic cysts and 7.0% pulmonary cysts. Out of all identified cysts, 31.4% of the hepatic and 31.8% of the pulmonary cysts were found fertile. Incidence rate of hydatid cyst infection in sheep was
more » ... % (64/410) with 11.9% hepatic cysts and 3.6% pulmonary cysts, of which 24.5% and 20% of hepatic and pulmonary cysts were respectively identified as fertile. The infestation rate was 16.0% (33/206) in goat, in which 10.2% and 5.8% cysts were collected from liver and lung, correspondingly. The prevalence of fertile hepatic and pulmonary cysts was recorded as 23.8% and 16.7%, respectively. Genotyping the cystic materials using PCR showed that the most prominent strains responsible for cystic echinococcosis in the Fars province are G1 and G6/7, while no evidence of E. multilocularis was recorded. This information may give us some clues to find out more about strains distribution in different regions in Iran, which may finally use to find tools in the eradication program of the disease, here and elsewhere.
doi:10.4236/ojvm.2012.24032 fatcat:igghq5p56ndstpfynxbd5gllcy