Unisite and Multisite Catalysis in the ArsA ATPase
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The ars operon of plasmid R773 encodes an As(III)/ Sb(III) extrusion pump. The catalytic subunit, the ArsA ATPase, has two homologous halves, A1 and A2, each with a consensus nucleotide-binding sequence. ATP hydrolysis is slow in the absence of metalloid and is accelerated by metalloid binding. ArsA M446W has a single tryptophan adjacent to the A2 nucleotide-binding site. Tryptophan fluorescence increased upon addition of ATP, ADP, or a nonhydrolyzable ATP analogue. Mg 2؉ and Sb(III) produced
... Sb(III) produced rapid quenching of fluorescence with ADP, no quenching with a nonhydrolyzable analogue, and slow quenching with ATP. The results suggest that slow quenching with ATP reflects hydrolysis of ATP to ADP in the A2 nucleotide-binding site. In an A2 nucleotide-binding site mutant, nucleotides had no effect. In contrast, in an A1 nucleotide-binding mutant, nucleotides still increased fluorescence, but there was no quenching with Mg 2؉ and Sb(III). This suggests that the A2 site hydrolyzes ATP only when Sb(III) or As(III) is present and when the A1 nucleotide-binding domain is functional. These results support previous hypotheses in which only the A1 nucleotide-binding domain hydrolyzes ATP in the absence of activator (unisite catalysis), and both the A1 and A2 sites hydrolyze ATP when activated (multisite catalysis).