Data assimilation and multisource decision-making in systems biology based on unobtrusive Internet-of-Things devices

Wei-Hua Tang, Wen-Hsien Ho, Yenming J Chen
<span title="2018-11-06">2018</span> <i title="Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">BioMedical Engineering OnLine</a> </i> &nbsp;
Biological and medical diagnoses depend on high-quality measurements. A wearable device based on Internet of Things (IoT) must be unobtrusive to the human body to encourage users to accept continuous monitoring. However, unobtrusive IoT devices are usually of low quality and unreliable because of the limitation of technology progress that has slowed down at high peak. Therefore, advanced inference techniques must be developed to address the limitations of IoT devices. This review proposes that
more &raquo; ... oT technology in biological and medical applications should be based on a new data assimilation process that fuses multiple data scales from several sources to provide diagnoses. Moreover, the required technologies are ready to support the desired disease diagnosis levels, such as hypothesis test, multiple evidence fusion, machine learning, data assimilation, and systems biology. Furthermore, cross-disciplinary integration has emerged with advancements in IoT. For example, the multiscale modeling of systems biology from proteins and cells to organs integrates current developments in biology, medicine, mathematics, engineering, artificial intelligence, and semiconductor technologies. Based on the monitoring objectives of IoT devices, researchers have gradually developed ambulant, wearable, noninvasive, unobtrusive, low-cost, and pervasive monitoring devices with data assimilation methods that can overcome the limitations of devices in terms of quality measurement. In the future, the novel features of data assimilation in systems biology and ubiquitous sensory development can describe patients' physical conditions based on few but long-term measurements.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1186/s12938-018-0574-5</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:30396337</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC6218968</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:dwn3n4shazhapiorqnzz4nkzna</a> </span>
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