Constraints to nitrogen acquisition of terrestrial plants under elevated CO2

Zhaozhong Feng, Tobias Rütting, Håkan Pleijel, Göran Wallin, Peter B. Reich, Claudia I. Kammann, Paul C.D. Newton, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Yunjian Luo, Johan Uddling
<span title="2015-05-19">2015</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/3mxo2eysivhenpbnzfjtn5vjom" style="color: black;">Global Change Biology</a> </i> &nbsp;
A key part of the uncertainty in terrestrial feedbacks on climate change is related to how and to what extent nitrogen (N) availability constrains the stimulation of terrestrial productivity by elevated CO 2 (eCO 2 ), and whether or not this constraint will become stronger over time. We explored the ecosystem-scale relationship between responses of plant productivity and N acquisition to eCO 2 in free-air CO 2 enrichment (FACE) experiments in grassland, cropland and forest ecosystems and found
more &raquo; ... hat: (i) in all three ecosystem types, this relationship was positive, linear and strong (r 2 = 0.68), but exhibited a negative intercept such that plant N acquisition was decreased by 10% when eCO 2 caused neutral or modest changes in productivity. As the ecosystems were markedly N limited, plants with minimal productivity responses to eCO 2 likely acquired less N than ambient CO 2 -grown counterparts because access was decreased, and not because demand was lower. (ii) Plant N concentration was lower under eCO 2 , and this decrease was independent of the presence or magnitude of eCO 2 -induced productivity enhancement, refuting the long-held hypothesis that this effect results from growth dilution. (iii) Effects of eCO 2 on productivity and N acquisition did not diminish over time, while the typical eCO 2 -induced decrease in plant N concentration did. Our results suggest that, at the decennial timescale covered by FACE studies, N limitation of eCO 2 -induced terrestrial productivity enhancement is associated with negative effects of eCO 2 on plant N acquisition rather than with growth dilution of plant N or processes leading to progressive N limitation.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12938">doi:10.1111/gcb.12938</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25846203">pmid:25846203</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hyexyvp3yzgcpb6yghihcvwnqa">fatcat:hyexyvp3yzgcpb6yghihcvwnqa</a> </span>
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