Thermo-responsive polymer encapsulated gold nanorods for single continuous wave laser-induced photodynamic/photothermal tumour therapy
Journal of Nanobiotechnology
AbstractOwing to strong and tunable surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect and good biocompatibility, gold nanoparticles have been suggested to be a versatile platform for a broad range of biomedical applications. In this study, a new nanoplatform of thermo-responsive polymer encapsulated gold nanorods incorporating indocyanine green (ICG) was designed to couple the photothermal properties of gold nanorods (AuNRs) and the photodynamic properties of ICG to enhance the photodynamic/photothermal
... amic/photothermal combination therapy (PDT/PTT). In addition to the significantly increased payload and enhancing photostability of ICG, the polymer shell in the nanoplatform also has thermo-responsive characteristics that can control the release of drugs at tumour sites upon the laser irradiation. On the basis of these improvements, the nanoplatform strongly increased drug aggregation at the tumour site and improved the photothermal/photodynamic therapeutic efficacy. These results suggest that this nanoplatform would be a great potential system for tumour imaging and antitumour therapy.