Searching for X-ray luminous "normal" galaxies in 2dFGRS
Astronomy and Astrophysics
We cross-correlated the Chandra XASSIST and XMM-Newton Serendipitous Source Catalogues with the 2 degree Field Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dfGRS) database. Our aim was to identify the most X-ray luminous (L_X > 10^42 erg s^-1) examples of galaxies in the local Universe whose X-ray emission is dominated by stellar processes rather than AGN activity ('normal' galaxies) as well as to test the empirical criterion log(f_X/f_O) < -2 for separating AGN from NGs. With XMM-Newton (Chandra) we covered an
... a) we covered an area of ~8.2 (~5.8)deg^2 down to a flux limit of ~10^-15 (~1.6 x 10^-15) erg cm^-2 s^-1 and found 18 (20) 2dfGRS galaxies. Using emission-line intensity ratios, we classified 6 2dfGRS spectra as star-forming, H II nuclei, and 2 spectra as possible H II nuclei. The rest of the objects are absorption-line galaxies and AGN, including 3 possible LINERs. No luminous 'normal' galaxies have been found but out of 19 'normal' galaxies in this sample 5 H II and 3 absorption-line galaxies have log(f_X/f_O) > -2. We performed a similar search in two nearby-galaxy samples from the literature. All 44 galaxies in the Zezas (2001) sample have log(f_X/f_O) < -2 and L_X < 10^42 erg s^-1. In the Fabbiano et al. (1992) sample, out of a total of 170 'normal' galaxies, we found 16 galaxies with log(f_X/f_O) >-2, the majority of which are massive ellipticals. Three of these have L_X > 10^42 erg s^-1 .