Reception of "Winter of the Great Loneliness" in the Novel's Publishing Time
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies
This paper analyzes the reception of the novel, "Winter of the Great Ismail Kadare Loneliness", whose resources lay on the conceptual network elaborated by one of the founders of the aesthetical reception theory, Hans Robert Jauss. Kadare's writing faced an interpretative reception code. In theory the socialist realism method is defined as hybrid and not only for time and space extension. The method's principles articulations are specific, depending on a defined place and time. Beyond the
... e. Beyond the theoretical debate regarding the socialist realism method principles, in this paper you will find the book reception from the articulated code of its publishing time, so the code of the 70's. An analysis of the novel reception in its publishing time, will answer to many arguments rising around Kadare's work in general, and to "Winter of the Great Loneliness" in particular. Preface "Winter of the Great Loneliness" has a special reception story. Published for the first time in 1973, the novel faced the socialist realism code of the time, in an unusual approach. It was unusual because toward this book was orchestrated a counter-campaign, that in a way involved the whole state and leading party mechanism supervising a literary process, which never happened before, neither with another book of Kadare, nor with other authors of the time, whose books were banned. 1 Other than state and leading party mechanism in this campaign, unlikely for any other book of the time, debates were set up in basic party organizations, workers and cooperatives' collectives, and the opinions were often published in the press. The campaign then reached schools, military units, veterans, different organizations and unions, thus turning step by step into a popular discussion 2 . Nevertheless, the knock of the time code toward the novel was of a paradoxical character. The turn of the official criticism into a public debate -that never occurred in the communism period -put the structure's existence at risk, not to mention that the book became pretty popular and the most controversial work during the communist period in Albania. This paradox came to an end when the dictator Enver Hoxha expressed his opinion on the novel and Kadare, in a meeting by the Metallurgic Combine of Elbasan 3 . The Ever Hoxha state on a literary work in front of the Metallurgic Combine workers is a unique case in the relationship the dictator had with arts. Nevertheless, even after Enver Hoxha's statement, the novel didn't go along with the socialist realism code; on the contrary, the upcoming years immersed the novel into a deep silence. The novel reconciled with the code, only after the writer rewrote and republished it, under the title of "The Great Winter", in 1977. The object of this paper is the reception of the novel "Winter of the Great Loneliness", in its publishing time. Through this perspective we will try to understand if and to what extension the novel came up, deluded, exceeded, or denied at all the public expectations of the code it faced. Second, we will try to understand if 1 Sinani, Sh. "A dossier for Kadare", OMSCA 1, Tirana 2005; Sinani Sh. A dossier for Kadare (2) Albas, Tetovo 2005 2 Qesari, V.