Recovery of Filtered Particles by Elastic Flat-Sheet Membrane with Cross Flow

Manoka Miyoshi, Shintaro Morisada, Keisuke Ohto, Hidetaka Kawakita
2021 Membranes  
After filtration, filtered residue is recovered by a spoon, during which, the structure of the residue is destroyed, and the activity of the microorganism would be reduced. Thus, a more efficient recovery method of filtered residue is required. This study addressed the recovery method of filtered residue by the restoration of an elastic membrane, followed by cross flow. An elastic membrane composed of a copolymer of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate and polyacrylonitrile was prepared by
more » ... repared by photopolymerization. The pore diameter of the obtained membrane was about 10 μm. Silica particle (1 and 10 μm) and Nannochloropsis sp. (2 μm) suspension was filtered, demonstrating that silica particles of 10 μm were filtered perfectly, whereas the filtration percentage of 1 μm silica particles and Nannochloropsis sp. was lower. After the filtration, the applied pressure was released to restore the elastic membrane which moved the filtered particles up, then the filtered residue was recovered by cross flow above the membrane, demonstrating that 71% of the filtered 10 μm silica particles was recovered. The elastic behavior of the membrane, along with the cross flow, has the potential to be used as a technique for the recovery of the filtered residues. This proposed scheme would be used for the particle recovery of ceramics, cells, and microorganisms from a lab scale to a large-scale plant.
doi:10.3390/membranes11020071 pmid:33498241 fatcat:4pncs44zgvewzczdigys3qgdvu