Using learning styles to personalize online learning

Maria Zajac, M. Henderson
2009 Campus-Wide Information Systems  
Biography: The author is a lecturer and a researcher at the Pedagogical University in Krakow, Poland. She also works at the Centre for Development of Distance and Permanent Education at Warsaw School of Economics , where she is responsible for the quality matters in elearning. She has got a PhD in computer science and in her professional works tries to combine pedagogical approach to e-learning with possibilities of new technologies as well as artificial intelligence techniques. Her main
more » ... es. Her main research area is personalization in e-learning it its pedagogical and technological aspects. She presents the results of her research at numerous conferences and in scientific journals. She is a member of the editorial board of e-learning magazine E-mentor (www.e-mentor.edu.pl). Abstract Purpose -The paper presents the results of research aimed at collecting the data necessary for preparing personalised content of e-learning courses. Its aim is to show how the information describing individual learning styles can be linked to the rules of creating tailored online courses. Methodology/design/approach -The paper gives a brief explanation of how personalization is understood for the purpose of research carried out by the author and what are the psychological backgrounds of the applied approach. It presents also a KS-TIW questionnaire, based on Howard Gardner's multiple intelligence theory. Findings -As it is not possible to define infinite number of different course models corresponding to every single learner the author describes a concept of defining several learner profiles which would represent various types of learning preferences. Practical implications -The final part of the paper shows how the data concerning one's learning preferences can be transferred into particular type of learning content with special emphasis on a form of learning content delivery and type of activities planned for individual learner. Originality -This research goes one step further than typical approach to personalization in elearning, which is usually understood either by freedom of choosing the time and the place of learning or by adapting the layout of VLE to one's individual needs. Quite rarely the solutions offered in VLE's enable the learner to choose among the forms and methods the learning content is delivered.
doi:10.1108/10650740910967410 fatcat:moagr55cknahxh5556dnusvpp4